CONCUSSION I CONCUSSION SYMPTOMS I BRAIN INJURY I TBI I TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY I CASE STUDY – Out-Patient Rehabilitation Following Concussion – Jury Verdict $11 Million – A Case Study

CONCUSSION I CONCUSSION SYMPTOMS I BRAIN INJURY I TBI I TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY I CASE STUDY – Out-Patient Rehabilitation Following Concussion – Jury Verdict $11 Million – A Case Study

October 04, 2022

By: Diana Adjadj, Esq.

Concussion Symptoms and Traumatic Brain Injury

Concussions are a type of brain injury. A concussion is caused by either direct trauma to the head or jolt of the head causing the brain and head to rapidly move back and forth. Following a concussion some individuals, after recovery period may return to their pre-concussed state. Unfortunately, sometimes following a concussion, symptoms may linger and result in permanent injuries. Brain injuries are sometimes qualified as a mild traumatic brain injury or traumatic brain injury.

In a previous article we discussed when neurological testing following a concussion would assist a treating provider in making a diagnosis of a traumatic brain injury or a mild traumatic brain injury.  In other articles we discussed how panda eyes or raccoon eyes are often an objective and visible indication of a sustained concussion and traumatic brain injury

Concussion Symptoms and TBI Diagnosis

While neurological testing and other objective measures such as lacerations to the head or face, panda eyes or raccoon eyes may assist in making a TBI or mTBI diagnoses, this is not a necessity. Monitoring an injured party following a fall, a motor vehicle accident or other incident resulting in a direct blow to the head can suffice when making a traumatic brain injury diagnosis or a mild traumatic brain injury diagnosis.

When evaluating a patient, a treating provider will look for concussion symptoms and monitor that patient’s progress and recovery. When there are lingering and residual concussion symptoms that have not resolved with the passage of time, then a trained medical provider may make a brain injury diagnosis.

Concussion Symptoms Indicative of a Moderate to Severe TBI

Concussion symptoms can serve as valid markers and may be an indication of a moderate to severe TBI. Following a car accidentslip and fall casechild abusefall risk or other personal injury incident in which a concussion was sustained, certain physical, emotional, sensory, neurological, and cognitive changes may be experienced. When a patient complains of such symptoms and these symptoms linger, this can be an indication of a mild or severe traumatic brain injury. Concussion symptoms include the following:

    • Persistent headache
    • Earache, tinnitus, ear pain
    • Dizziness, dizzy spells, vertigo, repeated vomiting or nausea
    • Convulsions or seizures
    • Sleep disorders, such as an inability to awaken from sleep, insomnia
    • Vision Impairment, Visual changes including dilation of one or two pupils of the eyes; blurred vision, double vision
    • Severe Speech Disability, Speech disorder and language impairments such as slurred speech, problems with vocabulary, spelling or comprehension
    • Weakness or numbness in the extremities
    • Deficient Orientation, Loss of Mobility, Loss of coordination
    • Cognitive changes such as profound confusion
    • Inability to handle any type of stress, Mood changes including anger, irritability, agitation, and combativeness
    • Memory Loss, Cognitive deficiencies including memory impairment, poor attention, limited concentration, and delayed information processing
    • Sensory impairment (blurred vision, sensitivity to sound etc…) Language impairment
    • Behavioral and personality changes

Concussion Case Study: Pedestrian Hit By Pick-Up Truck sustains a Concussion, Resulting Traumatic Brain Injury and Undergoes Out-Patient Rehabilitation. Jury Verdict $11,157,434.00

In a 2003 Plaintiff Mennell, a 35 years-old engineer, was seriously injured when he was struck by a pick-up truck while walking across an intersection. The injured plaintiff sustained numerous orthopedic injuries and suffered a traumatic brain injury. The plaintiff was hospitalized for four months where he underwent surgery to his skull. Following discharge, he underwent aggressive outpatient rehabilitation for his orthopedic injuries to improve his mobility and for his brain injury.

Concussion symptoms and residual effects from the brain injury which rendered the plaintiff disabled included: short-term memory loss, deficits in orientation and problem-solving, vision impairment, inability to handle any type of stress, and a severe speech disability.

Following a 14-day jury trial and roughly four days of deliberations the jury awarded the Plaintiff Charles Mennell $11,157,434.00 in damages.

Case: Charles Mennell vs. Cecil Bradley; Verdict: March 24, 2003; Case No: CV774035 Court: Superior Court of Santa Clara County, San Jose; Causes of Action inter alia: Negligence; Injuries Reported: Brain Damage, Fracture, Pelvis, Fracture, Skull, Fracture, Tibia, Fracture, Fibula, Traumatic Brain Injury, Coma, Memory Loss, Deficient Orientation, Loss of Mobility, Vision Impairment; Inability to handle any type of stress, and Severe Speech Disability

Brain Injury – for more articles discussing Brain Injuries and Head Trauma Symptoms following a personal injuryincident see below:

Concussion Symptoms or Do you have a Brain Injury matter to discuss?

    Diana Legal