School abuse can best be equated as child abuse occurring at school when students are under the care and supervision of the school district. During school hours the school district is legally responsible for the care and supervision of students. In the absence of providing such care and supervision, a school district can be found liable for child neglect or child abuse. Child abuse can best be explained by considering the World Health Organization (WHO) definition of child abuse as “all forms of physical and emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect, and exploitation that results in actual or potential harm to the child’s health, development or dignity.” There are four main types of abuse: neglect, physical abuse, psychological abuse, and sexual abuse. Student abuse or student neglect is an act or omission by a school district employee or contractor which causes actual harm to a student.

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